The rental contract is an important document that safeguards the rights of both the tenant and the landlord. It sets out each party’s obligations towards the other party.
A standard rental contract contains:
- The name and address of the tenant and the landlord
- The address, size, furnishings, condition and usage rights of the property
- Information on the tenancy: start date, end date (if any), rent, deposit, rent in advance, payment terms and utility charges
- Rules on maintenance, leaving the property in good order when moving out, pets and house rules.
Normally you have to pay 1 month’s rent as a deposit for a room and 3 month’s rent as a deposit for an apartment. But you can be expected to pay as much as 3 months’ rent as a deposit plus an additional 3 months’ rent in advance to rent an apartment or a house.
Avoid paying a deposit in advance without first having a signed contract. It can be very difficult to get your money back. Never pay in cash; a bank transfer can be tracked.
If you need legal aid with contracts or other issues regarding renting a home, you can contact Copenhagen Legal Aid
The Rent Tribunal rules on disputes between landlords and tenants. The Rent Tribunal is neutral, which means is does not give advice to either party. The Rent Tribunal cannot take up cases of its own accord. Landlords and tenants pay a fee to bring a case before the tribunal.
Among other things, the Rent Tribunal can rule on disputes about:
- Level of rent for residential and mixed commercial/residential properties
- Rent increases as per the rules on cost-based rent
- Increases in rental value
- Increases in tax and charges
- Rent increases as a result of improvements to the property and notice to carry out improvement work
- Maintenance duty of the landlord and tenant
- Dispute over the tenant’s duty to leave the property in good order when moving out and return of a deposit
- Tenant’s right to be reimbursed for carrying out improvement work on the property
- Utility bills, e.g. water and heating
- Tenant’s disregard of good practice and order in the property – only the landlord can bring such cases.
If your residence is rented, you may receive housing benefits from Udbetaling Danmark to help cover the cost of the rent. There are a number of conditions that determine whether you can get housing benefits. It depends, for example, on how much you pay in rent, how many children and adults live there, and what the total income is for all who live in the dwelling.
If you wish to apply for housing benefits, you must contact Udbetaling Danmark by phone +45 70 12 80 63 or by digital post to Udbetaling Danmark
You can check if you are entitled to housing benefits using the calculator (in Danish) before you apply.
If you have a NemID you can apply for housing benefits via borger.dk’s self-service facility (in Danish only).