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How is the Danish school system structured?
A brief overview of the education system in Denmark is available on the website for the Ministry of Science Technology and Innovation.
The Danish education system consists of the following stages
- Primary and lower secondary education (grundskole)
- Upper secondary education (ungdomsuddannelser)
- Higher education (videregående uddannelser)
Primary and lower secondary education
The state school in Denmark is the municipal (Folkeskole), which combines primary and lower secondary education from Year 0 to Year 10. The pre-school year (børnehaveklasse) is obligatory, and represents the transition from kindergarten or day care activities to primary school. Students are evaluated on a regular basis and must complete a number of tests at different stages of their compulsory schooling.
Upper secondary education
Upper secondary education covers 2 to 5 years of education. There are 3 choices for 16-19 year-olds covered by the umbrella term youth education programmes (ungdomsuddannelser):
- General Upper Secondary School.
- Technical and Commercial Upper Secondary School.
- Vocational Education and Training.
Youth education programmes provide the student with various levels of vocational training as well as educational and personal qualifications. There are 4 different types of upper secondary education programmes in Denmark:
1. STX - gymnasium.
2. HHX - higher commercial examination programme.
3. HTX - higher technical examination programme.
4. HF - higher preparatory examination.